Advanced Financial Accounting 9e Richard Baker


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Test Bank Chapter 2 

1. If Push Company owned 51 percent of the outstanding common stock of Shove Company, which reporting method would be appropriate?
  
A. Cost method
B. Consolidation
C. Equity method
D. Merger method

2. Usually, an investment of 20 to 50 percent in another company's voting stock is reported under the:
  
A. cost method.
B. equity method.
C. full consolidation method.
D. fair value method.

3. The main pronouncement on equity-method reporting, APB 19 (ASC 323 and 325) requires all of the following except:
  
A. The investor's share of the investee's extraordinary items should be reported.
B. The investor's share of the investee's prior-period adjustments should be reported. C. Continued use of the equity-method even if continued losses results in a zero or negative balance in the investment account. D. Preferred dividends of the investee should be deducted from net income before the investor computes its share of investee earnings.

On January 1, 20X4, Plimsol Company acquired 100 percent of Shipping Corporation's voting shares, at underlying book value. Plimsol uses the cost method in accounting for its investment in Shipping. Shipping's retained earnings was $75,000 on the date of acquisition.

On December 31, 20X4, the trial balance data for the two companies are as follows:


4. Based on the information provided, what amount of net income will be reported in the consolidated financial statements prepared on December 31, 20X4?
  
A. $100,000
B. $85,000
C. $110,000
D. $125,000

5. Based on the information provided, what amount of total assets will be reported in the consolidated balance sheet prepared on December 31, 20X4?
  
A. $425,000
B. $525,000
C. $650,000
D. $630,000

6. Based on the information provided, what amount of retained earnings will be reported in the consolidated balance sheet prepared on December 31, 20X4?
  
A. $235,000
B. $210,000
C. $310,000
D. $225,000

7. Based on the information provided, what amount of total liabilities will be reported in the consolidated balance sheet prepared on December 31, 20X4?
  
A. $525,000
B. $115,000
C. $125,000
D. $190,000

8. Based on the information provided, what amount of total stockholder's equity will be reported in the consolidated balance sheet prepared on December 31, 20X4?
  
A. $190,000
B. $335,000
C. $460,000
D. $310,000

9. From an investor's point of view, a liquidating dividend from an investee is:
  
A. A dividend declared by the investee in excess of its earnings in the current year.
B. A dividend declared by the investee in excess of its earnings since acquisition by the investor.
C. Any dividend declared by the investee since acquisition.
D. A dividend declared by the investee in excess of the investee's retained earnings.

10. Under the cost method of accounting for a stock investment, the differential:
  
A. is written off.
B. is amortized.
C. is written down if related to limited-life assets.
D. is not amortized or written off.

11. Which of the following observations is NOT consistent with the cost method of accounting?
  
A. Investee dividends from earnings since acquisition by investor are treated as reduction of investment.
B. Investments are carried by the investor at historical cost.
C. Differential is not amortized or written off.
D. It is consistent with the treatment normally accorded noncurrent assets.

12. On January 1, 20X9 Athlon Company acquired 30 percent of the common stock of Opteron Corporation, at underlying book value. For the same year, Opteron reported net income of $55,000, which includes an extraordinary gain of 40,000. It did not pay any dividends during the year. By what amount would Athlon's investment in Opteron Corporation increase for the year, if Athlon used the equity method?
  
A. $0
B. $16,500
C. $4,500
D. $12,000

On January 1, 20X8, William Company acquired 30 percent of eGate Company's common stock, at underlying book value of $100,000. eGate has 100,000 shares of $2 par value, 5 percent cumulative preferred stock outstanding. No dividends are in arrears. eGate reported net income of $150,000 for 20X8 and paid total dividends of $72,000. William uses the equity method to account for this investment.

13. Based on the preceding information, what amount would William Company receive as dividends from eGate for the year?
  
A. $62,000
B. $21,600
C. $18,600
D. $54,000

14. Based on the preceding information, what amount of investment income will William Company report from its investment in eGate for the year?
  
A. $45,000
B. $42,000
C. $62,000
D. $35,000

15. Based on the preceding information, what amount would be reported by William Company as the balance in its investment account on December 31, 20X8?
  
A. $100,000
B. $123,400
C. $120,400
D. $142,000

On January 1, 20X7, Yang Corporation acquired 25 percent of the outstanding shares of Spiel Corporation for $100,000 cash. Spiel Company reported net income of $75,000 and paid dividends of $30,000 for both 20X7 and 20X8. The fair value of shares held by Yang was $110,000 and $105,000 on December 31, 20X7 and 20X8 respectively.

16. Based on the preceding information, what amount will be reported by Yang as income from its investment in Spiel for 20X8, if it used the equity method of accounting?
  
A. $7,500
B. $11,250
C. $18,750
D. $26,250

17. Based on the preceding information, what amount will be reported by Yang as balance in investment in Spiel on December 31, 20X8, if it used the equity method of accounting?
  
A. $111,250
B. $118,750
C. $100,000
D. $122,500

18. Based on the preceding information, what amount will be reported by Yang as income from its investment in Spiel for 20X7, if it used the fair value method of accounting?
  
A. $17,500
B. $12,500
C. $11,250
D. $7,500

19. Based on the preceding information, what amount will be reported by Yang as income from its investment in Spiel for 20X8, if it used the fair value method of accounting?
  
A. $11,250
B. $2,500
C. $6,250
D. $7,500

20. Based on the preceding information, what amount will be reported by Yang as balance in investment in Spiel on December 31, 20X8, if it used the fair value method of accounting?
  
A. $105,000
B. $118,750
C. $100,000
D. $122,500

21. A change from the cost method to the equity method of accounting for an investment in common stock resulting from an increase in the number of shares held by the investor requires:
  
A. only a footnote disclosure.
B. that the cumulative amount of the change be shown as a line item on the income statement, net of tax.
C. that the change be accounted for as an unrealized gain included in other comprehensive income.
D. retroactive restatement as if the investor always had used the equity method.

22. Under the equity method of accounting for a stock investment, the investment initially should be recorded at:
  
A. cost.
B. cost minus any differential.
C. proportionate share of the fair value of the investee company's net assets.
D. proportionate share of the book value of the investee company's net assets.

23. Which of the following observations is consistent with the equity method of accounting?
  
A. Dividends declared by the investee are treated as income by the investor.
B. It is used when the investor lacks the ability to exercise significant influence over the investee.
C. It may be used in place of consolidation.
D. Its primary use is in reporting nonsubsidiary investments.

Parent Company purchased 100% of Son In
C. on January 1, 20X2 for $420,000. Son reported earnings of $82,000 and declared dividends of $4,000 during 20X2.

24. Based on the preceding information and assuming Parent uses the cost method to account for its investment in Son, what is the balance in Parent's Investment in Son account on December 31, 20X2, prior to consolidation?
  
A. $416,000
B. $420,000
C. $424,000
D. $498,000

25. Based on the preceding information and assuming Parent uses the equity method to account for its investment in Son, what is the balance in Parent's Investment in Son account on December 31, 20X2, prior to consolidation?
  
A. $416,000
B. $420,000
C. $424,000
D. $498,000

26. What portion of the balances of subsidiary stockholders' equity accounts are eliminated in preparing the consolidated balance sheet?
  
A. Common stock
B. Additional paid-in capital
C. Retained Earnings
D. All of the balances are eliminated

27. The consolidation process consists of all the following except:
  
A. Adding together the financial statements of two or more legally separate companies.
B. Eliminating intercompany transactions and holdings.
C. Closing the subsidiary's earnings into the parent's retained earnings.
D. Combining the accounts of separate companies, creating a single set of financial statements.

Beta Company acquired 100 percent of the voting common shares of Standard Video Corporation, its bitter rival, by issuing bonds with a par value and fair value of $150,000. Immediately prior to the acquisition, Beta reported total assets of $500,000, liabilities of $280,000, and stockholders' equity of $220,000. At that date, Standard Video reported total assets of $400,000, liabilities of $250,000, and stockholders' equity of $150,000. Included in Standard's liabilities was an account payable to Beta in the amount of $20,000, which Beta included in its accounts receivable.

28. Based on the preceding information, what amount of total assets did Beta report in its balance sheet immediately after the acquisition?
  
A. $500,000
B. $650,000
C. $750,000
D. $900,00

29. Based on the preceding information, what amount of total assets was reported in the consolidated balance sheet immediately after acquisition?
  
A. $650,000
B. $880,000
C. $920,000
D. $750,000

30. Based on the preceding information, what amount of total liabilities was reported in the consolidated balance sheet immediately after acquisition?
  
A. $500,000
B. $530,000
C. $280,000
D. $660,000

31. Based on the preceding information, what amount of stockholders' equity was reported in the consolidated balance sheet immediately after acquisition?
  
A. $220,000
B. $150,000
C. $370,000
D. $350,000

Parent Co. purchases 100% of Son Company on January 1, 20X1 when Parent's retained earnings balance is $520,000 and Son's is $150,000. During 20X1, Son reports $15,000 of net income and declares $6,000 of dividends. Parent reports $105,000 of separate operating earnings plus $15,000 of equity-method income from its 100 percent interest in Son; Parent declares dividends of $40,000.

32. Based on the preceding information, what is Parent's post-closing retained earnings balance on December 31, 20X1?
  
A. $485,000
B. $505,000
C. $525,000
D. $600,000

33. Based on the preceding information, what is Son's post closing retained earnings balance on December 31, 20X1?
  
A. $141,000
B. $150,000
C. $159,000
D. $165,000

34. Based on the preceding information, what is the consolidated retained earnings balance on December 31, 20X1?
  
A. $470,000
B. $585,000
C. $600,000
D. $759,000

35. A cash dividend returns assets to the stockholders while reducing corporate liquidity. Why are not all cash dividends considered to be "liquidating dividends"? In your response include a discussion of how an investor accounts for a liquidating dividen
D.
     

36. In the absence of other evidence, common stock ownership of 20 percent or more is viewed as indicating that the investor is able to exercise significant influence over the investee. What are some of the other factors that could constitute evidence of the ability to exercise significant influence?
     

37. Dear Corporation acquired 100 percent of the voting shares of Therry In
C. by issuing 10,000 new shares of $5 par value common stock with a $30 market value.


Required:


1) Which company is the parent and which is the subsidiary?


2) Define a subsidiary corporation.


3) Define a parent corporation.


4) Which entity prepares consolidated worksheet?


5) Why are elimination entries used?
     

38. On January 1, 20X7, Plimsol Company acquired 100 percent of Shipping Corporation's voting shares, at underlying book value. Plimsol uses the cost method in accounting for its investment in Shipping. Shipping's reported retained earnings of $75,000 on the date of acquisition. The trial balances for Plimsol Company and Shipping Corporation as of December 31, 20X8, follow:
 

Required:


1) Provide all eliminating entries required to prepare a full set of consolidated statements for 20X8.


2) Prepare a three-part consolidation worksheet in good form as of December 31, 20X8.
     

39. On January 1, 20X9, Zigma Company acquired 100 percent of Standard Company's common shares at underlying book value. Zigma uses the equity method in accounting for its ownership of Standar
D. On December 31, 20X9, the trial balances of the two companies are as follows:
 

Required:


1) Prepare the eliminating entries needed as of December 31, 20X9, to complete a consolidation worksheet.


2) Prepare a three-part consolidation worksheet as of December 31, 20X9.