Advanced Financial Accounting 9e Richard Baker


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Chapter 12

1. All of the following are benefits the U.S. will gain from the adoption of globally consistent accounting standards except for:   
A. Reduction in reporting costs as the need for multiple sets of financial statements decreases.
B. Increased quality of information available to investors. 

C. Continued expansion of capital markets across national borders, facilitating more efficient use of global capital.
D. Nearly seamless transition with minimal expenses related to corporate governance considerations.

2. Which of the following statements is true regarding the SEC's timeline for convergence?
  
A. The SEC has no immediate plans to converge GAAP reporting with IFRS standards.
B. The SEC has a plan in place to allow firms to begin filing in the United States based on IFRS during the next four to five years.
C. The SEC has a plan in place to allow companies to choose to file statements under GAAP reporting or IFRS standards indefinitely.
D . The SEC currently allows domestic companies to choose to file financial statements under either GAAP or IFRS reporting standards.

3. All of the following describe the International Accounting Standard Board (IASB) except for:
  
A. The IASB is a privately funded accounting standards-setting body based in London. B. The mission of the IASB is to develop a single set of high-quality, understandable and enforceable global accounting standards.
C. Board members of the IASB come from diverse geographical countries that have adopted IFRS.
D. IASB members serve a five-year term subject to one reappointment.

4. Which of the following defines a foreign-based entity that uses a functional currency different from the local currency?

I. A U.S. subsidiary in Britain maintains its accounting records in pounds sterling, with the majority of its transactions denominated in pounds sterling.

II. A U.S. subsidiary in Peru conducts virtually all of its business in Latin America, and uses the U.S. dollar as its major currency.
  
A. I.
B. II.
C. Both I and II.
D. Neither I nor II.

5. If the restatement method for a foreign subsidiary involves remeasuring from the local currency into the functional currency, then translating from functional currency to U.S. dollars, the functional currency of the subsidiary is:

I. U.S. dollar.

II. Local currency unit.

III. A third country's currency.
  
A. I
B. III
C. II
D. Either I or II

6. In cases of operations located in highly inflationary economies:
  A. The reporting currency of the U.S. parent—the U.S. dollar—should be used as the foreign entity's functional currency. B. The foreign currency should be used as the functional currency with a footnote to the financials displaying what the earnings would have been using the U.S. dollar as the functional currency. C . The foreign currency should be used as the functional currency with a single line item—foreign translation—reporting the adjustment using the U.S. dollar as the functional currency.
D. None of the above.

The balance in Newsprint Corp.'s foreign exchange loss account was $10,000 on December 31, 20X8, before any necessary year-end adjustment relating to the following:
(1) Newsprint had a $15,000 debit resulting from the restatement in dollars of the accounts of its wholly owned foreign subsidiary for the year ended December 31, 20X8. (2) Newsprint had an account payable to an unrelated foreign supplier, payable in the supplier's local currency unit (LCU) on January 15, 20X9. The U.S. dollar-equivalent of the payable was $50,000 on the December 1, 20X8, invoice date and $53,000 on December 31, 20X8.

7. Based on the information provided, in Newsprint's 20X8 consolidated income statement, what amount should be included as foreign exchange loss in computing net income, if the LCU is the functional currency and the translation method is appropriate?
  
A. $28,000
B. $13,000
C. $25,000
D. $8,000

8. Based on the information provided, in Newsprint's 20X8 consolidated income statement, what amount should be included as foreign exchange loss in computing net income, if the U.S. dollar is the functional currency and the remeasurement method is appropriate?
  
A. $15,000
B. $10,000
C. $25,000
D. $28,000

9. Infinity Corporation acquired 80 percent of the common stock of an Egyptian company on January 1, 20X8. The goodwill associated with this acquisition was $18,350. Exchange rates at various dates during 20X8 follow:
 Goodwill suffered an impairment of 20 percent during the year. If the functional currency is the Egyptian Pound, how much goodwill impairment loss should be reported on Infinity's consolidated statement of income for 20X8?   
A. $3,670
B. $3,700
C. $3,680
D. $3,690

10. Infinity Corporation acquired 80 percent of the common stock of an Egyptian company on January 1, 20X8. The goodwill associated with this acquisition was $18,350. Exchange rates at various dates during 20X8 follow:
 Goodwill suffered an impairment of 20 percent during the year. If the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, how much goodwill impairment loss should be reported on Infinity's consolidated statement of income for 20X8?   
A. $3,680
B. $3,670
C. $3,690
D. $3,700

11. Simon Company has two foreign subsidiaries. One is located in France, the other in England. Simon has determined the U.S. dollar is the functional currency for the French subsidiary, while the British pound is the functional currency for the English subsidiary. Both subsidiaries maintain their books and records in their respective local currencies. What methods will Simon use to convert each of the subsidiary's financial statements into U.S. dollars?
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

12. When the local currency of the foreign subsidiary is the functional currency, a foreign subsidiary's inventory carried at cost would be converted to U.S. dollars by:
  
A. translation using historical exchange rates.
B. remeasurement using historical exchange rates.
C. remeasurement using the current exchange rate.
D. translation using the current exchange rate.

13. When the local currency of the foreign subsidiary is the functional currency, a foreign subsidiary's income statement accounts would be converted to U.S. dollars by:
  
A. translation using historical exchange rates.
B. remeasurement using current exchange rates at the time of statement preparation.
C. translation using average exchange rate for the period.
D. remeasurement using the current exchange rate at the time of statement preparation.

14. If the U.S. dollar is the currency in which the foreign affiliate's books and records are maintained, and the U.S. dollar is also the functional currency,
  
A. the translation method should be used for restatement.
B. the remeasurement method should be used for restatement.
C. either translation or remeasurement could be used for restatement.
D. no restatement is required.

15. Under the temporal method, which of the following is usually used to translate monetary amounts to the functional currency?

I. The current exchange rate

II The historical exchange rate

III. Average exchange rate
  
A. I
B. III
C. II
D. Either I or II

16. All of the following stockholders' equity accounts of a foreign subsidiary are translated at historical exchange rates except:
  
A. retained earnings.
B. common stock.
C. additional paid-in capital.
D. preferred stock.

17. Dividends of a foreign subsidiary are translated at:
  
A. the average exchange rate for the year.
B. the exchange rate on the date of declaration.
C. the current exchange rate on the date of preparation of the financial statement.
D. the exchange rate on the record date.

18. If the functional currency is the local currency of a foreign subsidiary, what exchange rates should be used to translate the items below, assuming the foreign subsidiary is in a country which has not experienced hyperinflation over three years?
  
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

19. If the functional currency is the local currency of a foreign subsidiary, what exchange rates should be used to translate the items below, assuming the foreign subsidiary is in a country which has not experienced hyperinflation over three years?
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

20. Which combination of accounts and exchange rates is correct for the translation of a foreign entity's financial statements from the functional currency to U.S. dollars?
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

21. The assets listed below of a foreign subsidiary have been converted to U.S. dollars at both current and historical exchange rates. Assuming that the local currency of the foreign subsidiary is the functional currency, what total amount should appear for these assets on the U.S. company's consolidated balance sheet?
   
A. $636,000
B. $648,000
C. $708,000
D. $960,000

22. Dover Company owns 90% of the capital stock of a foreign subsidiary located in Italy. Dover's accountant has just translated the accounts of the foreign subsidiary and determined that a debit translation adjustment of $80,000 exists. If Dover uses the fully adjusted equity method for its investment, what entry should Dover record in order to recognize the translation adjustment?
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

23. For each of the items listed below, state whether they increase or decrease the balance in cumulative translation adjustments (assuming a credit balance at the beginning of the year) when the foreign currency strengthened relative to the U.S. dollar during the year.
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

24. The British subsidiary of a U.S. company reported cost of goods sold of 75,000 pounds (sterling) for the current year ended December 31. The beginning inventory was 10,000 pounds, and the ending inventory was 15,000 pounds. Spot rates for various dates are as follows:
 Assuming the pound is the functional currency of the British subsidiary, the translated amount of cost of goods sold that should appear in the consolidated income statement is:   
A. $108,750.
B. $112,500.
C. $114,300.
D. $125,700.

25. Seattle, In
c. owns an 80 percent interest in a Portuguese subsidiary. For 20X8, Seattle reported income from operations of $2.0 million. The Portuguese company's income from operations, after foreign currency translation, was $1.1 million. The foreign currency translation adjustment was $120,000 (credit). Consolidated net income and consolidated comprehensive income for the year are:
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

On September 30, 20X8, Wilfred Company sold inventory to Jackson Corporation, its Canadian subsidiary. The goods cost Wilfred $30,000 and were sold to Jackson for $40,000, payable in Canadian dollars. The goods are still on hand at the end of the year on December 31. The Canadian dollar (C$) is the functional currency of the Canadian subsidiary. The exchange rates follow:


26. Based on the preceding information, at what dollar amount is the ending inventory shown in the trial balance of the consolidated worksheet?
  
A. $45,000
B. $50,000
C. $40,000
D. $35,000

27. Based on the preceding information, what amount of unrealized intercompany gross profit is eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements for the year?
  
A. $0
B. $5,000
C. $10,000
D. $15,000

28. Based on the preceding information, at what amount is the inventory shown on the consolidated balance sheet for the year?
  
A. $45,000
B. $30,000
C. $40,000
D. $35,000

Michigan-based Leo Corporation acquired 100 percent of the common stock of a British company on January 1, 20X8, for $1,100,000. The British subsidiary's net assets amounted to 500,000 pounds on the date of acquisition. On January 1, 20X8, the book values of its identifiable assets and liabilities approximated their fair values. As a result of an analysis of functional currency indicators, Leo determined that the British pound was the functional currency. On December 31, 20X8, the British subsidiary's adjusted trial balance, translated into U.S. dollars, contained $17,000 more debits than credits. The British subsidiary reported income of 33,000 pounds for 20X8 and paid a cash dividend of 8,000 pounds on October 25, 20X8. Included on the British subsidiary's income statement was depreciation expense of 3,500 pounds. Leo uses the fully adjusted equity method of accounting for its investment in the British subsidiary and determined that goodwill in the first year had an impairment loss of 25 percent of its initial amount. Exchange rates at various dates during 20X8 follow:


29. Based on the preceding information, what amount should Leo record as "income from subsidiary" based on the British subsidiary's reported net income?
  
A. $72,930
B. $52,500
C. $72,600
D. $69,300

30. Based on the preceding information, the receipt of the dividend will result in a credit to the investment account for:
  
A. $16,800
B. $17,680
C. $18,000
D. $17,600

31. Based on the preceding information, on Leo's consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 20X8, what amount should be reported for the goodwill acquired on January 1, 20X8?
  
A. $36,845
B. $39,286
C. $36,905
D. $36,607

32. Based on the preceding information, in the stockholders' equity section of Leo's consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 20X8, Leo should report the translation adjustment as a component of other comprehensive income of:
  
A. $19,440
B. $17,000
C. $18,786
D. $19,380

33. Nichols Company owns 90% of the capital stock of a foreign subsidiary located in Ireland. As a result of translating the subsidiary's accounts, a debit of $160,000 was needed in the translation adjustments account so that the foreign subsidiary's debits and credits were equal in U.S. dollars. How should Nichols report its translation adjustments on its consolidated financial statements?
  
A. As a $144,000 increase in the stockholders' equity section of the balance sheet.
B. As a $144,000 reduction in consolidated comprehensive net income.
C. As a $160,000 debit in stockholders' equity section of the balance sheet.
D. As a $160,000 reduction in consolidated comprehensive net income.

Elan, a U.S. corporation, completed the December 31, 20X8, foreign currency translation of its 70 percent owned Swiss subsidiary's trial balance using the current rate method. The translation resulted in a debit adjustment of $25,000. The subsidiary had reported net income of 800,000 Swiss francs for 20X8 and paid dividends of 50,000 Swiss francs on September 1, 20X8. The translation rates for the year were:
  The January 1 balance of the Investment in the Swiss subsidiary account was $1,600,000. Elan acquired its interest in the Swiss subsidiary at book value with no differential or goodwill recorded at acquisition.

34. Elan's Investment in Swiss subsidiary account at December 31, 20X8, is:
  
A. $1,881,050.
B. $1,916,050.
C. $1,923,950.
D. $2,051,500.

On January 1, 20X8, Transport Corporation acquired 75 percent interest in Steamship Company for $300,000. Steamship is a Norwegian company. The local currency is the Norwegian kroner (NKr). The acquisition resulted in an excess of cost-over-book value of $25,000 due solely to a patent having a remaining life of 5 years. Transport uses the fully adjusted equity method to account for its investment. Steamship's December 31, 20X8, trial balance has been translated into U.S. dollars, requiring a translation adjustment debit of $8,000. Steamship's net income translated into U.S. dollars is $35,000. It declared and paid an NKr 20,000 dividend on June 1, 20X8. Relevant exchange rates are as follows:
  Assume the kroner is the functional currency.

35. Based on the preceding information, in the journal entry to record the receipt of dividend from Steamship,
  
A. Investment in Steamship Company will be credited for $3,450.
B. Cash will be debited for $3,300.
C. Investment in Steamship Company will be credited for $4,000.
D. Cash will be debited for $3,600.

36. Based on the preceding information, in the journal entry to record parent's share of subsidiary's translation adjustment:
  
A. Other Comprehensive Income — Translation Adjustment will be debited for $8,000.
B. Other Comprehensive Income — Translation Adjustment will be credited for $6,000.
C. Investment in Steamship Company will be credited for $6,000.
D. Investment in Steamship Company will be debited for $8,000.

37. Based on the preceding information, what amount of translation adjustment is required for increase in differential?
  
A. $3,000
B. $5,500
C. $4,500
D. $5,000

38. Based on the preceding information, in the journal entry to record the amortization of the patent for 20X8 on the parent's books, Investment in Steamship Company will be debited for:
  
A. $5,000
B. $5,500
C. $4,500
D. $3,000

39. Which combination of accounts and exchange rates is correct for the remeasurement of a foreign entity's financial statements from its local currency to U.S. dollars?
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

Mercury Company is a subsidiary of Neptune Company and is located in Valpara'so, Chile, where the currency is the Chilean Peso. Data on Mercury's inventory and purchases are as follows:
 

The beginning inventory was acquired during the fourth quarter of 20X7, and the ending inventory was acquired during the fourth quarter of 20X8. Purchases were made evenly over the year. Exchange rates were as follows:


40. Refer the information provided above. Assuming the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what is the amount of Mercury's cost of goods sold remeasured in U.S. dollars?
  
A. $1,680
B. $1,712
C. $1,700
D. $1,692

41. Based on the preceding information, the translation of cost of goods sold for 20X8, assuming that the Spanish peseta is the functional currency is:
  
A. $1,700.
B. $1,760.
C. $1,680.
D. $1,692.

42. The British subsidiary of a U.S. company reported cost of goods sold of 75,000 pounds (sterling) for the current year ended December 31. The beginning inventory was 10,000 pounds, and the ending inventory was 15,000 pounds. Spot rates for various dates are as follows:
 

Assuming the dollar is the functional currency of the British subsidiary, the remeasured amount of cost of goods sold that should appear in the consolidated income statement is:
  
A. $108,750.
B. $112,500.
C. $114,250.
D. $125,700.

On January 2, 20X8, Johnson Company acquired a 100% interest in the capital stock of Perth Company for $3,100,000. Any excess cost over book value is attributable to a patent with a 10-year remaining life. At the date of acquisition, Perth's balance sheet contained the following information:
 

Perth's income statement for 20X8 is as follows:
 

The balance sheet of Perth at December 31, 20X8, is as follows:
  Perth declared and paid a dividend of 20,000 FCU on October 1, 20X8. Spot rates at various dates for 20X8 follow:  Assume Perth's revenues, purchases, operating expenses, depreciation expense, and income taxes were incurred evenly throughout 20X8.

43. Refer to the above information. Assuming the local currency of the country in which Perth Company is located is the functional currency, what are the translated amounts for the items below in U.S. dollars?
   
A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

44. Refer to the above information. Assuming Perth's local currency is the functional currency, what is the amount of translation adjustments that result from translating Perth's trial balance into U.S. dollars at December 31, 20X8?
  
A. $396,500 debit
B. $285,000 credit
C. $405,000 credit
D. $411,000 credit

45. Refer to the above information. Assuming Perth's local currency is the functional currency, what is the amount of patent amortization for 20X8 that results from Johnson's acquisition of Perth's stock on January 2, 20X8? Round your answer to the nearest dollar.
  
A. $11,500
B. $11,884
C. $7,667
D. $9,394 46. Refer to the above information. Assuming Perth's local currency is the functional currency, what is the amount of translation adjustment that appears on Johnson's consolidated financial statements at December 31, 20X8?
  
A. $419,184 credit
B. $416,884 credit
C. $405,884 debit
D. $398,500 credit

47. Refer to the above information. Assuming Perth's local currency is the functional currency, what is the balance in Johnson's investment in foreign subsidiary account at December 31, 2008?
  
A. $3,216,500
B. $3,560,000
C. $3,568,300
D. $3,577,694

48. Refer to the above information. Assuming the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what is Johnson's remeasurement gain (loss) for 20X8? (Assume the ending inventory was acquired on December 31, 20X8.)
  
A. $31,000 gain
B. $36,500 loss
C. $22,000 gain
D. $32,000 gain

49. Refer to the above information. Assuming the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what is the amount of Perth's cost of goods sold remeasured in U.S. dollars?
  
A. $811,500
B. $843,500
C. $884,500
D. $799,500

50. Refer to the above information. Assuming the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what is the amount of patent amortization for 20X8 that results from Johnson's acquisition of Perth's stock on January 2, 20X8?
  
A. $11,884
B. $11,770
C. $12,550
D. $11,500

51. Refer to the above information. Assuming the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what is Perth's net income for 20X8 in U.S. dollars (include the remeasurement gain or loss in Perth's net income)?
  
A. $238,000
B. $228,000
C. $219,500
D. $202,000

52. Refer to the above information. Assuming the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, what is the balance in Johnson's investment in foreign subsidiary account at December 31, 2008?
  
A. $3,303,400
B. $3,294,500
C. $3,323,400
D. $3,314,500

53. The gain or loss on the effective portion of a U.S. parent company's hedge of a net investment in a foreign entity should be treated as:
  
A. an adjustment to the retained earnings account in the stockholders' equity section of its balance sheet.
B. other comprehensive income.
C. a translation gain or loss in the computation of net income for the reporting period.
D. an adjustment to a valuation account in the asset section of its balance sheet.

54. Which of the following describes a situation when a parent company would not consolidate a foreign subsidiary?
  
A. Restrictions on foreign exchange in the foreign country.
B. Restrictions on transfers of property in the foreign country.
C. Other governmentally imposed uncertainties.
D. All of the above

55. Briefly explain the following terms associated with accounting for foreign entities:

a) Functional Currency

b) Translation

c) Remeasurement
     

56. Parisian Co. is a French company located in Paris. Yankee Corp., located in New York City, acquires Parisian Co. Parisian has the Euro as its local currency and the Swiss Franc as its functional currency. Yankee has the U.S. dollar as its local currency and the U.S. dollar as its functional currency.

Required:
 a) The year-end consolidated financial statements will be prepared in which currency?
b) Explain which method is appropriate to use at year-end: Translation or Remeasurement.
     

57. Use the information given in question 52 to prepare a schedule providing a proof of the translation adjustment.
     

58. On January 1, 2008, Pace Company acquired all of the outstanding stock of Spin PLC, a British Company, for $350,000. Spin's net assets on the date of acquisition were 250,000 pounds (
). On January 1, 2008, the book and fair values of the Spin's identifiable assets and liabilities approximated their fair values except for property, plant, and equipment and trademarks. The fair value of Spin's property, plant, and equipment exceeded its book value by $25,000. The remaining useful life of Spin's equipment at January 1, 2008, was 10 years. The remainder of the differential was attributable to a trademark having an estimated useful life of 5 years. Spin's trial balance on December 31, 2008, in pounds, follows: 
Additional Information

1. Spin uses the FIFO method for its inventory. The beginning inventory was acquired on December 31, 2007, and ending inventory was acquired on December 26, 2008. Purchases of
300,000 were made evenly throughout 2008.
2. Spin acquired all of its property, plant, and equipment on March 1, 2006, and uses straight-line depreciation.

3. Spin's sales were made evenly throughout 2008, and its operating expenses were incurred evenly throughout 2008.

4. The dividends were declared and paid on November 1, 2008.

5. Pace's income from its own operations was $150,000 for 2008, and its total stockholders' equity on January 1, 2008, was $1,000,000. Pace declared $50,000 of dividends during 2008.

6. Exchange rates were as follows:
 
Required:
 1) Prepare a schedule translating the trial balance from British pounds into U.S. dollars. Assume the pound is the functional currency.
2) Assume that Pace uses the fully adjusted equity method. Record all journal entries that relate to its investment in the British subsidiary during 2008. Provide the necessary documentation and support for the amounts in the journal entries, including a schedule of the translation adjustment related to the differential.
3) Prepare a schedule that determines Pace's consolidated comprehensive income for 2008.      

59. Refer to the information in question 52. Assume the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, not the pound. Prepare a schedule providing a proof of the remeasurement gain or loss. Assume that the British subsidiary had the following monetary assets and liabilities at January 1, 2008:
      

60. Refer to the information in question 52. Assume the U.S. dollar is the functional currency, not the pound.

Required:
 1) Prepare a schedule remeasuring the trial balance from British pound into U.S. dollars.
2) Assume that Pace uses the fully adjusted equity method. Record all journal entries that relate to its investment in the British subsidiary during 2008. Provide the necessary documentation and support for the amounts in the journal entries.

3) Prepare a schedule that determines Pace's consolidated net income for 2008.